Mineralogical Society of America, Founded December 30, 1919

Volume 45: Natural Zeolites: Occurrence, Properties, Applications

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Volume 45: Natural Zeolites: Occurrence, Properties, Applications
David L. Bish and Doug W. Ming, editors

2001 i-xiv + 654 pages. ISBN 0-939950-57-X; ISBN13 978-0-939950-57-7

Mineralogy and Geology of Natural Zeolites was published in 1977. Dr. Fred Mumpton, a leader of the natural zeolite community for more than three decades, edited the original volume. Since the time of the original MSA zeolite short course in November 1977, there have been major developments concerning almost all aspects of natural zeolites. There has been an explosion in our knowledge of the crystal chemistry and structures of natural zeolites (Chapters 1 and 2), due in part to the now-common Rietveld method that allows treatment of powder diffraction data. Studies on the geochemistry of natural zeolites have also greatly increased, partly as a result of the interests related to the disposal of radioactive wastes, and Chapters 3, 4, 5, 13, and 14 detail the latest results in this important area. Until the latter part of the 20th century, zeolites were often looked upon as a geological curiosity, but they are now known to be widespread throughout the world in sedimentary and igneous deposits and in soils (Chapters 6-12). Likewise, borrowing from new knowledge gained from studies of synthetic zeolites and properties of natural zeolites, the application of natural zeolites has greatly expanded since the first zeolite volume. Chapter 15 details the use of natural zeolites for removal of ammonium ions, heavy metals, radioactive cations, and organic molecules from natural waters, wastewaters, and soils. Similarly, Chapter 16 describes the use of natural zeolites as building blocks and cements in the building industry, Chapter 17 outlines their use in solar energy storage, heating, and cooling applications, and Chapter 18 describes their use in a variety of agricultural applications, including as soil conditioners, slow-release fertilizers, soil-less substrates, carriers for insecticides and pesticides, and remediation agents in contaminated soils. Most of the material in this volume is entirely new, and Natural Zeolites: Occurrence, Properties, Applications presents a fresh and expanded look at many of the subjects contained in Volume 4.

It is our hope that this new, expanded volume will rekindle interest in this fascinating and technologically important group of minerals, in part through the 'Suggestions for Further Research' section in each chapter.

David L. Bish, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
Douglas W. Ming, Houston, Texas, USA
September 1, 2001

Contents of Volume 45

Title Page
p. i

p. ii

Foreword & Preface
p. iii - iv

Table of Contents
p. v - xiv

Errata, Chapters 1, 4, 6, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 pdf or html


Chapter 1. Crystal Structures of Natural Zeolites
by Thomas Armbruster and Mickey E. Gunter, p. 1 - 68

Chapter 2. The Crystal Chemistry of Zeolites
by E Passaglia and Richard A. Sheppard, p. 69 - 116

Chapter 3. Geochemical Stability of Natural Zeolites
by Steve J. Chipera and John A. Apps, p. 117 - 162

Chapter 4. Isotope Geochemistry of Zeolites
by Haraldur R. Karlsson, p. 163 - 206

Chapter 5. Clinoptilolite-Heulandite Nomenclature
by David L. Bish and Jeremy M. Boak, p. 207 - 216


Chapter 6. Occurrence of Zeolites in Sedimentary Rocks: An Overview
by Richard L. Hay and Richard A. Sheppard, p. 217 - 234

Chapter 7. Zeolites in Closed Hydrologic Systems
by A Langella, Piergiulio Cappelletti, and Roberto de'Gennaro, p. 235 - 260

Chapter 8. Formation of Zeolites in Open Hydrologic Systems
by Richard A. Sheppard and Richard L. Hay, p. 261 - 276

Chapter 9. Zeolites in Burial Diagenesis and Low-grade Metamorphic Rocks
by Minora Utada, p. 277 - 304

Chapter 10. Zeolites in Hydrothermally Altered Rocks
by Minora Utada, p. 305 - 322

Chapter 11. Zeolites in Soil Environments
by Douglas W. Ming and Janis L. Boettinger, p. 323 - 346

Chapter 12. Zeolites in Petroleum and Natural Gas Reservoirs
by Azuma Iijima, p. 347 - 402


Chapter 13. Thermal Behavior of Natural Zeolites
by David L. Bish and J. William Carey, p. 403 - 452

Chapter 14. Cation-Exchange Properties of Natural Zeolites
by Roberto T. Pabalan and F. Paul Bertetti, p. 453 - 518


Chapter 15. Applications of Natural Zeolites in Water and Wastewater Treatment
by Dénes Kalló, p. 519 - 550

Chapter 16. Use of Zeolitic Tuff in the Building Industry
by Carmine Colella, Maurizio de'Gennaro, and Rosario Aiello, p. 551 - 588

Chapter 17. Natural Zeolites in Solar Energy - Heating, Cooling, and Energy Storage
by Dimiter I. Tchernev, p. 589 - 618

Chapter 18. Use of Natural Zeolites in Agronomy, Horticulture, and Environmental Soil Remediation
by Douglas W. Ming and Earl R. Allen, p. 619 - 654

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