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Front Cover of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochmistry vol 75 Back Cover of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochmistry vol 75

The entire, full-text contents of this volume are free. The links to the free downloads of the entire book, or individual parts, chapters, supplements, or videos are included with the Table of Contents below. Open Access publication of this volume was sponsored by the Deep Carbon Observatory.
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However, if you are interested in a print copy, order your Reviews Volume here (25% member discount).
Link to the GeoScienceWorld posted version.

Volume 75

Carbon in Earth

Robert M. Hazen, Adrian P. Jones, and John A. Baross, Editors

(this page revised 02/27/2013)
   Table of Contents with links free downloads to the entire book, or individual full text parts, chapters, supplements, or videos.
i-xv + 698 pages. ISBN 978-0-939950-90-4.


Carbon in Earth is an outgrowth of the Deep Carbon Observatory (DCO), a 10-year international research effort dedicated to achieving transformational understanding of the chemical and biological roles of carbon in Earth (http://dco.ciw.edu). Hundreds of researchers from 6 continents, including all 51 coauthors of this volume, are now engaged in the DCO effort. This volume serves as a benchmark for our present understanding of Earth's carbon - both what we know and what we have yet to learn. Ultimately, the goal is to produce a second, companion volume to mark the progress of this decadal initiative.

This volume addresses a range of questions that were articulated in May 2008 at the First Deep Carbon Cycle Workshop in Washington, DC. At that meeting 110 scientists from a dozen countries set forth the state of knowledge about Earth's carbon. They also debated the key opportunities and top objectives facing the community. Subsequent deep carbon meetings in Bejing, China (2010), Novosibirsk, Russia (2011), and Washington, DC (2012), as well as more than a dozen smaller workshops, expanded and refined the DCO's decadal goals. The 20 chapters that follow elaborate on those opportunities and objectives.

A striking characteristic of Carbon in Earth is the multidisciplinary scientific approach necessary to encompass this topic. The following chapters address such diverse aspects as the fundamental physics and chemistry of carbon at extreme conditions, the possible character of deep-Earth carbon-bearing minerals, the geodynamics of Earth's large-scale fluid fluxes, tectonic implications of diamond inclusions, geosynthesis of organic molecules and the origins of life, the changing carbon cycle through deep time, and the vast subsurface microbial biosphere (including the hidden deep viriosphere). Accordingly, the collective authorship of Carbon in Earth represents laboratory, field, and theoretical researchers from the full range of physical and biological sciences.

A hallmark of the DCO is the desire to implement advanced strategies in communications, data management, engagement, and visualization. Accordingly, this volume incorporates some novel aspects. Thanks to sponsorship by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, which continues to provide significant support for the DCO, this is the first of the RiMG series to be published as an Open Access volume.

Robert M. Hazen, Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington
Adrian P. Jones, University College London
John A. Baross, University of Washington
March 2013

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Carbon in Earth

The entire volume as a single, compressed pdf file.

The volume by individual parts, chapters, supplements, or videos.

Front Cover

Title Page



  • p. iii - iv   Download (135 KB)   open access logo

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Why deep carbon?, by Robert M. Hazen and Craig M. Schiffries, p. 1-6

Chapter 2. Carbon mineralogy and crystal chemistry, by Robert M. Hazen, Robert T. Downs, Adrian P. Jones, and Linda Kah, p. 7-46

Chapter 3. Structure, bonding, and mineralogy of carbon at extreme conditions, by Artem R. Oganov, Russell J. Hemley, Robert M. Hazen, and Adrian P. Jones, p. 47-77

Chapter 4. Carbon mineral evolution, by Robert M. Hazen, Robert T. Downs, Linda Kah, and Dimitri Sverjensky, p. 79-107

Chapter 5. The chemistry of carbon in aqueous fluids at crustal and upper-mantle conditions: experimental and theoretical constraints, by Craig E. Manning, Everett L. Shock, and Dimitri A. Sverjensky, p. 109-148

Chapter 6. Primordial origins of Earth's carbon, by Bernard Marty, Conel M. O'D. Alexander, and Sean N. Raymond, p. 149-181

Chapter 7. Ingassing, storage, and outgassing of terrestrial carbon through geologic time, by Rajdeep Dasgupta, p. 183-229

Chapter 8. Carbon in the core: its influence on the properties of core and mantle, by Bernard J. Wood, Jie Li, and Anat Shahar, p. 231-250

Chapter 9. Carbon in silicate melts, by Huaiwei Ni and Hans Keppler, p. 251-287

Chapter 10. Carbonate melts and carbonatites, by Adrian P. Jones, Matthew Genge, Laura Carmody, p. 289-322

Chapter 11. Deep carbon emissions from volcanoes, by Michael R. Burton, Georgina M. Sawyer, and Domenico Granieri, p. 323-354

Chapter 12. Diamonds and the geology of mantle carbon, by Steven B. Shirey, Pierre Cartigny, Daniel J. Frost, Shantanu Keshav, Fabrizio Nestola, Paolo Nimis, D. Graham Pearson, Nikolai V. Sobolev, and Michael J. Walter, p. 355-421

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  • Errata for the print version of Chapter 12's Figure 18 as a pdf (Download (86 KB))

Chapter 13. Nanoprobes for deep carbon, by Wendy L. Mao and Eglantine Boulard, p. 423-448

Chapter 14. On the origins of deep hydrocarbons, by Mark A. Sephton and Robert M. Hazen, p. 449-465

Chapter 15. Laboratory simulations of abiotic hydrocarbon formation in Earth's deep subsurface, by Thomas M. McCollom, p. 467-494

Chapter 16. Hydrocarbon behavior at nanoscale interfaces, by David R. Cole, Salim Ok, Alberto Striolo, and Anh Phan, p. 495-545

Chapter 17. Nature and extent of the deep biosphere, by Frederick S. Colwell and Steven D'Hondt, p. 547-574

Chapter 18. Serpentinization, carbon, and deep life, by Matthew O. Schrenk, William J. Brazelton, and Susan Q. Lang, p. 575-606

Chapter 19. High-pressure biochemistry and biophysics, by Filip Meersman, Isabelle Daniel, Douglas H. Bartlett, Roland Winter, Rachael Hazael, and Paul F. McMillan, p. 607-648

Chapter 20. The deep viriosphere: assessing the viral impact on microbial community dynamics in the deep subsurface, by Rika E. Anderson, William J. Brazelton, and John A. Baross, p. 649-675

Index, p. 677-698

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