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PhosphatesMatthew L. Kohn, John Rakovan, and John M. Hughes, editors
(this page revised 06/22/2011)Description
Table of Contents
i-xvi + 742 pages. ISBN 0-939950-60-X; ISBN13 978-0-939950-60-7.
Several years ago, John Rakovan and John Hughes (colleagues at Miami of Ohio), and later Matt Kohn (at South Carolina), separately proposed short courses on phosphate minerals to the Council of the Mineralogical Society of America (MSA). Council suggested that they join forces. Thus this volume, Phosphates: Geochemical, Geobiological, and Materials Importance, was organized. It was prepared in advance of a short course of the same title, sponsored by MSA and presented at Golden, Colorado, October 25-27.
We are pleased to present this volume entitled Phosphates: Geochemical, Geobiological and Materials Importance. Phosphate minerals are an integral component of geological and biological systems. They are found in virtually all rocks, are the major structural component of vertebrates, and when dissolved are critical for biological activity. This volume represents the work of many authors whose research illustrates how the unique chemical and physical behavior of phosphate minerals permits a wide range of applications that encompasses phosphate mineralogy, petrology, biomineralization, geochronology, and materials science. While diverse, these fields are all linked structurally, crystal-chemically and geochemically. As geoscientists turn their attention to the intersection of the biological, geological, and material science realms, there is no group of compounds more germane than the phosphates.
The chapters of this book are grouped into five topics: Mineralogy and Crystal Chemistry, Petrology, Biomineralization, Geochronology, and Materials Applications.
John Rakovan and John M. Hughes, Oxford, Ohio, USA
August 17, 2002
Foreward & Preface
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. The Crystal Structure of Apatite, Ca5(PO4)3(F,OH,Cl)
Chapter 2. Compositions of the Apatite-Group Minerals: Substitution Mechanisms and Controlling Factors
Chapter 3. Growth and Surface Properties of Apatite
Chapter 4. Synthesis, Structure and Properties of Monazite, Pretulite, and Xenotime
Chapter 5. The Crystal Chemistry of the Phosphate Minerals
Chapter 6. Apatite in Igneous Systems
Chapter 7. Apatite, Monazite, and Xenotine in Metamorphic Rocks
Chapter 8. Electron Microprobe Analysis of REE in Apatite, Monazite and Xenotime: Protocols and Pitfalls
Chapter 9. Sedimentary Phosphorites - An Example: Phosphoria Formation, Southeastern Idaho, U.S.A
Chapter 10. The Global Phosphorus Cycle
Chapter 11. Calcium Phosphate Biominerals
Chapter 12. Stable Isotope Composition of Biological Apatite
Chapter 13. Trace Elements in Recent and Fossil Bone Apatite
Chapter 14. U-TH-Pb Dating of Phosphate Minerals
Chapter 15. (U-Th)/He Dating of Phosphates: Apatite, Monazite, and Xenotime
Chapter 16. Fission Track Dating of Phosphate Minerals and the Thermochronology of Apatite
Chapter 17. Biomedical Application of Apatites
Chapter 18. Phosphates as Nuclear Waste Forms
Chapter 19. Apatite Luminescence